(See an announcement and an example.)

The director received 105 entries by 44 composers from 21 countries. 38 problems by 9 composers (20 of them by a single composer) were found non-thematic and/or unsound, and were returned to their authors. 9 of these came back as corrected versions. On 2 September 2002, 76 sound problems were submitted (anonymously) to the judge, Menachem Witztum, for evaluation. A number was assigned to each correct entry as follows:

Uri Avner (Israel) 1, 5, 5a, 10, 18; Anatolij Vasilenko (Ukraine) 2; Árpád Molnár (Hungary) 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 75, 76; Yoel Aloni (Israel) 11; Jean Haymann (Israel) 12, 13, 14; Jozef Lozek (Slovakia) 15, 16 Michael Shapiro (Israel) 17, 29-32, 37, 53, 54, 58; Fadil Abdurahmanoviĉ (Bosnia & Herzegovina) 19; Ricardo de Mattos Vieira (Brazil) 20; Johan de Boer (Netherlands) 21; Viktor Syzonenko (Ukraine) 22-24; Mircea M. Manolescu (Romania) 25-28; Michal Dragoun (Czech Republic) 33-35; Michal Dragoun & Dieter Müller (Czech Republic & Germany) 36; Colin Sydenham (England) 38, 74; Leonid Lyubashevsky (Israel) 39; Leonid Lyubashevsky & Leonid Makaronez (Israel) 40; Vito Rallo & Roberto Cassano 41; L. Togookhuu (Mongolia) 42-44; Jozsef Pasztor (Hungary) 45-47; Miomir Nedeljkoviĉ (Yugoslavia) 48, 49; Mario Parrinello (Italy) 50-52 Raffi Ruppin (Israel) 55; Alexander Semenenko (Germany) 56; Valerij Semenenko (Ukraine) 57; Jorge Humberto Brun (Argentina) 59; Henryk Grudzinski (Poland) 60; Strahinja Mihajloviĉ (Yugoslavia) 61; Borislav Gadjanski (Yugoslavia) 62; Vito Rallo & Roberto Cassano (Italy) 63, 64; Kamlik Karapetyan (Armenia) 65; Manfred Rittirsch (Germany) 66; Ion Murarasu (Romania) 67; Christer Jonsson (Sweden) 68; Franz Pachl (Germany) 69, 70; Franz Pachl & Dieter Müller (Germany) & Helmut Zajic (Austria) 71; V. Gorbunov, V. Shevchenko & V. Melnikov (Ukraine) 72; Amith Sadeh (Israel) 73.

A lot of deliberation went into finding a theme for this tourney, preferably an original one that had never been used before.

The theme finally selected is paradoxical:

rem In a H#2, two pieces, black and white, must evacuate a line for a line-piece to arrive at the line for delivering the mate; also, the black King must actively arrive at the line. On first sight, these prerequisites may look irrational and impossible to obtain. The composer's challenge, then, would be to prove otherwise.

I must admit that for a short while I was concerned lest the constraints posed by the theme would deter potential composers, so that I would remain with the prizes. To my great surprise and joy, more than 100 problems by 44 composers arrived (76 of whichthematic), most of them of a very high level. The difficulty, so it seemed, had only motivated many composers to try and cope with the challenge.

There were a number of possibilities to overcome the technical problems inherent in the theme.

To prevent the thematic black piece from interfering with the mate, several mecha-nisms are possible:

- the black piece enters a white line and is pinned by the black King's move.
- the black piece sacrifices itself.
- the black piece is a pawn.
- the black King moves to interfere with the line of the black piece.
- the white piece interferes with the line of the black piece.

- a check on the first move.
- a guard by the mating line-piece.
- opening a white line by black.
- a guard by a move of a white piece.
- creation of a white battery where the front piece moves to guard the square.

The judging process was not easy, reflecting the difficulty to tell between good problems. Surely, many problems not included in the award will do well in other tourneys.

Special thanks go to the devoted director, Emanuel Navon, who did an excellent job every step of the way. Thanks to Zivko Janevski for the originality checking (only 3, very partial, predecessors where found). Further thanks to Michal Dragoun who dedicated 2 interesting problems to me in the Czech magazine (of which one is brought in the annex). They were unfit for the tourney as they utilized a Zeroposition.

My thanks to Uri Avner for translating the Hebrew text into English, and making this publication possible.

Finally, many thanks to all the participants for the great pleasure their problems have given me. A problem composed in collabo-ration with the tourney director, comprising the Schiffmann effect, is dedicated to them (see annex).

I ranked the problems as follows:

...

Menachem Witztum

Tel Aviv, June 2003

Fadil Abdurahmanovic1st Prize M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
1.Bg3 Sf5+ 2.Kf4 Qb8# |

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h#2 (7+10) 2.1.1.1 |

Michal Dragoun2nd Prize M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Bd5 Rxc4+ 2.Kxc4 Qh4# |

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h#2 (7+13) b) g4 -» c2 |

Borislav Gadjanski3rd Prize M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Sd3 Se6+ 2.Ke3 Qa7# |

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h#2 (9+15) b) d4 -» e5 |

Franz Pachl4th Prize M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Kd1 Sc7 2.Sxf3 Rd6# |

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h#2 (7+13) b) d2 «-» f3 |

Mario Parrinello5th Prize M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Kf3 Bxb7 2.Sxf2 Kxd6# |

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h#2 (8+11) b) e4 «-» d3 |

Uri Avner6th Prize M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Kh4 Ra4 2.g3 Ke5# |

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h#2 (4+11) b) -wBe3 |

Jean Haymann1st HM M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
1.Kc3 Bf8 2.Sxc6 Qh8# |

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h#2 (9+5) 2.1.1.1 |

Franz Pachl2nd HM M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Ke4 Qc4 2.Qb7+ Bxb7# |

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h#2 (5+11) b) d5 «-» e6 |

Miomir Nedeljkovic3rd HM M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Se3 Sd4+ 2.Ke4 Bb7# |

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h#2 (9+4) b) c6 -» c5 |

Franz Pachl Dieter Müller Helmut Zajic 4th HM M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Kd3 Bg6 2.Rf7 Sf6# |

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h#2 (9+13) b) e1 -» f1 |

Viktor Syzonenko5th HM M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Be2 Rf5+ 2.Ke4 Qh4# |

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h#2 (6+10) b) d4 -» c3 |

Uri Avner6th HM M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
1.Se2 Qxd5+ 2.Kg4 Ra4# |

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h#2 (5+7) 2.1.1.1 |

Lkhundevin Togookhuu1st Comm M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Be5 Rh4 2.Kd4 Kxf3# |

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h#2 (4+8) b) g7 -» f7 |

Alexandr Semenenko2nd Comm M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
1.g5 Sc5+ 2.Kc6 Rh6# |

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h#2 (4+12) 2.1.1.1 |

Mircea Manolescu3rd Comm M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
1.Kc1 Qh6 2.R4f6 gxf6# |

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h#2 (9+9) 2.1.1.1 |

Jean Haymann4th-8th Comm M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Kd3 Sb5 2.Qxd7 Rxd7# |

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h#2 (8+8) b) e3 -» a1 |

Mircea Manolescu4th-8th Comm M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
1.Qf3 Bc5+ 2.Kg3 Qb8# |

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h#2 (5+11) 2.1.1.1 |

Michal Dragoun4th-8th Comm M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Qb2 Qh8 2.Kc3 Rxb5# |

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h#2 (5+13) b) d3 -» b2 |

Raffi Ruppin4th-8th Comm M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
1.Sa5 bxc6+ 2.Ka6 Bd3# |

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h#2 (6+4) 2.1.1.1 |

Colin Sydenham4th-8th Comm M. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Kg4 Qc8 2.Rfb5 Re5# |

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h#2 (5+13) b) f5 «-» g3 |

There are two additional problems I would like to mention, not so much because they are better than other problems not included in the award, but because they show certain elements not tackled by the problems above:

Arpad MolnarM. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Ka8 Bh1 2.Rd4+ Kxd4# |

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h#2 (7+9) b) h3 -» c7 |

Jorge Humberto BrunM. Witztum 50 JT C 2.9.2002 |
a) 1.Rxd4+ Rg5 2.Ke5 Qh2# |

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h#2 (6+12) b) g3 -» e1 |

Michal DragounSachova Skladba 2003 Dedicated to M. Witztum 50 |
a) 1.Ke3 Sxe6 2.Sgxe6 Qh6# |

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h#2 (6+15) a) d6 -» b2 b) f4 -» d1 |

Menachem WitztumEmanuel Navon M. Witztum 50 JT award 2003 Dedicated to participants of the tourney |
a) 1.Kd6 Sc5 (Sf4?) 2.Qxd2 Rxd2# |

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h#2 (9+8) b) d4 -» e4 |

Comments to
Juraj Lörinc.

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